The European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) based in Luxembourg is due to double the number of judges. The ECJ, which deals with cases like those brought by the Commission (or by a member state) against a member state's failure to fulfil obligations arising out of the Treaty of Lisbon, is of a particular importance to lawyers involved in cross border transactions: the ECJ has jurisdiction to hear actions begun in national courts from which references are made for a preliminary ruling on issues of interpretation or validity of EU law. Judgments of the ECJ are therefore always taken into account for the interpretation particularly of EU Regulations, which are of immediate and direct application in the UK as in all other member states. The increase in the numbers of judges is in line with the growing number of cases before the ECJ which grew last year to 912 from 790 recorded the year before.