Lord Chancellor is the Ministry of Justice as well as the Secretary of State for Justice. The Lord Chancellor was the head of the judiciary and the senior judge of the House of Lords in its judicial capacity. However, under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, the Lord Chancellor may no longer sit as a judge. Lord Chief Justice is now head of the judiciary. In 2007 Jack Straw was appointed from the Commons changing the tradition that the role should be vested in a member of the House of Lords. Innovation has again occurred, now for the first time in the British history, a woman, Liz Truss, has sworn into the role.
Liz Truss has become the first woman to be sworn into office as lord chancellor following a ceremony at the Royal Courts of Justice in London. The Conservative MP was welcomed to her new appointment by leading members of the judiciary. Ms Truss takes over the ancient role from Michael Gove, and also replaces him as justice secretary. Lord Chief Justice Lord Thomas called it "historic" adding that a "long-standing monopoly has been swept away". Dressed in gold and black ceremonial dress, Ms Truss took her oath and pledged to respect the rule of law, defend judicial independence and ensure effective support for the courts.